It is considered the new epidemic of the 21st century. It is a growing risk, according to Alzheimer’s Disease International. The National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) concluded something alarming in a research study. Alzheimer’s will double every 20 years. What can be done to avoid it?
Currently 35 million people suffer from this disease worldwide. It is expected that by 2030 there will be 65.7 million cases. And about 115 million by 2050. The announcement was made on World Alzheimer’s Day: September 21.
“Alzheimer’s is the most prevalent dementia in the world. It occurs more among women than men (60 out of 100). There are several hypotheses about it. Among them, the relationship with estrogens,” said the UNAM.
It is suspected that cases could increase due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The damage caused by the virus multiplies the possibility of developing Alzheimer’s disease. “SARS-CoV-2 virus can affect the nervous system. It causes inflammation, which is linked to neurodegeneration,” they said.
70% of dementias are of the Alzheimer’s type. Cognitive impairment reduces the patient’s quality of life. And they become dependent on caregivers. “There are alterations in language and memory. There is frequent forgetfulness, loss of objects, repetition of questions and stories”. The symptoms are explained by the affected area: the hippocampus. That is where the short-term memory is located.
The disease was described in 1906 by the German physician Alois Alzheimer. It has no specific treatment. That is why early diagnoses are essential to face it.
Alzheimer’s will double every 20 years. It is important to know the risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease. Sedentary lifestyle, obesity, diabetes, stress, insomnia, depression, are some of them.
How can it be prevented? Studying a language other than one’s mother tongue helps. Researching topics that provoke cognitive stimulation also. And in general, a diet rich in antioxidants and sports.