Humans are not the only ones who use the technique of disguise to camouflage themselves. In nature there are many animals that wear costumes so that predators do not see them. Others do it to be good hunters. Animal mimicry is the tool they use.
Prey and predators also use animal mimicry
Animal mimicry works for both prey and predators. Some change color to confuse their rivals like the chameleon. They use it as a defense or to make a surprise attack and it can be presented in different ways.
- Form a pattern.
- They are not seen with the naked eye.
The technique of remaining immobile in the face of danger is one of the most common in certain species. Many predators such as reptiles do not have good eyesight and do not attack when their prey is moving. Some species pretend to be dead when they sense danger so as not to be eaten.
Camouflage or cryptos are the options per pattern. It’s a technique that can be used to mimic the texture, pattern, and colors of objects in the environment. This allows them to blend in perfectly. This way, they will not be seen by their predators.
The staining can be done in conjunction with the crypsis. The best-known example is that of the chameleon. The animal adapts the color of its body to the texture and color of the place where it is located. So much so that on many occasions it is very difficult to distinguish between foliage and landscape.
The technique for s is similar to crypsis used in order not to be seen, although other senses are added as well. Many species do this through smells, sounds, and even taste. Some examples are species of beetles with a disgusting taste. In other cases it can be fatal like frogs.
In different habitats there are different animals that mimic each other
Although the most famous imitation is the chameleon, there are others that are very beautiful despite being predators. The orchid mantis is a good example of this. Much like the petal of a beautiful flower, this praying mantis is an insatiable predator that attracts any passing insect and ends up in its stomach. The same applies to the stick mantis.
The pumpkin beetle is an example of non-visual crypsis. The bed bug lives in a type of flower, the passion flower. The gem of this bed bug is that it raises red flags with the parts of the body that can be eaten by birds, but without endangering their full integrity and life.
In the Panamanian jungle, too, the grasshopper Acanthodis curvidens, as small as a human finger, is practically undetectable in the bark of trees. In addition to his crypsis, he is an excellent actor, during the day he remains immobile so as not to be eaten.
The green toad is an example that nature gives of excellent mimicry. It is almost impossible to tell any one of these bathraches between the leaves. It comes from the Panamanian jungle, where survival requires perfect disguise.
One of the most noticeable imitations is that of a parasitic nematode. It infects an ant and turns its belly from black to bright red. The infected ant looks like a ripe fruit that invites the birds to eat and spreads the roundworm’s eggs.