The European Commission has produced an 81-page document which: a Regulation proposal on artificial intelligence and its applications. The report, which aims to uphold the fundamental rights and values of the European Union, focuses primarily on the management of artificial intelligence systems, which are referred to as “high risk”.
A European Artificial Intelligence Council will guide EU legislation in this regard
With this in mind, the document suggests banning facial recognition for surveillance purposes or algorithms that “manipulate human behavior”. The artificial intelligence systems used by the armed forces are excluded from this list of prohibited technologies, provided that the authorities use them to “defend national security”.
In the list of artificial intelligence systems to be prohibited there are, in addition to those already mentioned, those that could be used for “Social Scoring” or social rating systems as they already exist in China. Technologies that use data or behavioral predictions from individuals or groups to exploit and exploit their weaknesses have also been targeted.
In addition to the technological systems, the European Union document lists a number of practices that should be banned because they violate the moral and political values of the institution. Settings like that “Indiscriminate Surveillance” or “Surveillance and monitoring of people in digital or physical environments”.
To enforce these provisions, the report includes fines for “effective, proportionate and dissuasive” fines for those who break the rules. The states themselves are responsible for the application of these penalties, which can amount to up to 4% of the annual income of the companies concerned.
Proof of the importance that the European Union attaches to this issue is the creation of the contained in the text European Council for Artificial Intelligence. The body, composed of a representative from each Member State and a representative from the European Commission, will advise and guide the policies and legislation of the European Union on all issues related to this type of technology.