Pest control is essential for good harvest results. Producers use them to fight anything that destroys their plantations. There are different types and they are chemical, physical, and the most innovative biological.
Properties of chemical and physical pest control
Pesticides protect plants from harmful insects. Although in most cases they harm the ecosystem and also harm those who consume the plants. Among the most affected bees are bees whose mortality from pesticides is alarming.
Another option is physical pest control. Various types of traps are used to control pests. These traps can be divided into chromatic traps by color, have a tone or activate a lock, among other things.
Biological pest control is the most innovative
This method uses living organisms to control pests. They can belong to the animal species and also to the plant world. They use falconry to control pests from parrots or pigeons. Some types of flowers are also planted near crops to attract beneficial insects.
One of the initiatives to replace dangerous pesticides is the breeding of predatory insects for pest control. A French company is dedicated to breeding beneficial insects that can fight the most dangerous pests that attack plants.
One company is dedicated to the controlled breeding of insects
It is an agricultural cooperative that breeds insect species in a controlled manner. They replace the use of pesticides in tomato growing and harvesting. Millions of tiny wasps and bed bugs are grown on tobacco plants in air-conditioned greenhouses. Tobacco was chosen because it is a plant from the same family as the tomato. Young green Macrolophus beetles eat both caterpillar eggs and small caterpillars. This little green beetle also feeds on moth eggs.
Meanwhile, the small, black and yellow Encarsia wasps lay their eggs in white larvae that feed on the sap. When the wasp’s eggs hatch, they feed on the larvae that cause their death. The micro wasp eretmocerus prey on the whitefly, which is born from the white larva, but in a different phase of life and also feeds on its eggs.
The glass roofed greenhouse is located in the town of Guipavas near Brest in France. Tobacco plants are used temporarily for the breeding of these pest predators. These insects are collected to be sent to the various farms that are dedicated to growing tomatoes. With this method they replace pesticides. An experienced person cuts off the tips of the plants with secateurs and shakes the branch in a funnel with quick movements until the insects fall.
The breeders involved in the experiment use predatory insects to control pests and do not apply chemicals to their tomato plants. It’s the best alternative to a great production, and it’s much healthier too. These manufacturers label their products as “pesticide-free”. This feature is very much appreciated by consumers.