They called her “the Meirás earthquake”, although she was also “the empress of letters”. She was without a doubt a woman ahead of her time. Her name was Emilia Pardo Bazán and was born on September 16, 1861 in La Coruña. Daughter of Mr. José Pardo Bazán y Mosquera and Mrs. Amalia de la Rúa Figueroa y Somoza.
Emilia Pardo Bazán had a good education and began to write at a young age
Because she belonged to an aristocratic family, the education Emilia received was excellent. Although she was born at a male dominated age, her father, with her mother’s consent, opened the doors of his library to her. There Emilia had contact with the most exquisite literature. He started writing when he was eight, and by fifteen he had finished his first story, which he called “A Nineteenth Century Marriage”.
At 16, through a marriage agreed by her parents, she married José Quiroga and Pérez Desa, three years older than her. It was in 1868 and the wedding was being celebrated in the chapel of the Meirás court, which belonged to his parents.
In 1873 he went on a trip to Europe with his parents and began to learn languages. Emilia Pardo Bazán spoke several languages. He wanted to read the leading authors in his own language. Kant, Aristotle, Descartes, Plato and many others were his favorites.
He lived in Madrid and never ceased to be in touch with the most famous writers of the time
He settled in Madrid after his marriage failed. Nevertheless, she took care of the upbringing of her three children. Already installed, he wrote a collection of stories called “The Throbbing Question”. His father’s position in society opened the doors to the halls of the Spanish aristocracy of the time. There he met the elite of the most recognized writers, where he had heated debates with many of them.
She was criticized and ridiculed, but her literature enabled her to gain followers. He quarreled and quarreled with almost all the most famous writers of his time, although he had loyal friends by his side. Emilio Castelar, Francisco Giner de los Ríos and also Benito Pérez Galdós, who was more than just a friend as he had a loving relationship with him.
He was discussed and awarded for his extensive work
His work is extensive, with titles in which he described society as it was, with everything that most people would rather not see. Despite being an ardent Catholic, she was branded an atheist for her books. As she said herself, “how about if he had called me Emilio”.
In 1908 King Alfonso XIII awarded her. in recognition of the importance of her literary work for Spain, the title Countess of Pardo Bazán. She won many awards and was proud to be the first female professor at Central University.
Emilia Prado Bazán died a little over 100 years ago, on May 21, 1921 in Madrid. His remains rest in a crypt in the Concepción Church in Madrid. You will always be remembered in Spanish society and the literary world as it was an important milestone for culture.