Archaeologists discover a homo in Nesher Ramla, the Israeli quarry. The hominid is so far unknown. He is a primitive person who inhabited these lands 130,000 years ago, absolutely new to science.
Nesher Ramla is the cradle of important archaeological finds
An international research group describes two studies on this new species in the journal Science. They recognize a similarity to the archaic homo, which also occurs in Israel and is 400,000 years old.
The population discovered in Nesher Ramla belongs to the Middle Pleistocene, the forerunner of the European Neanderthals. Although it has features of the latter in the cranial vault and mandible, it is likely that thousands of years passed between them.
The Nesher Ramla cement quarry is one of the largest in Israel. Archaeologists have been working there since 2010 to prevent many archaeological treasures from ending up in the large blast furnaces.
The homo in Nesher Ramla offers new theories
In the deepest layers of the excavation, the remains were found, which they called Homo of Nesher Ramla. Stone tools, instruments and animal bones were also found.
According to the researchers, this shows that Nesher Ramlas Homo was a hunter who used wood to cook meat. So they had fire management and used instruments before the symbiosis with the European Neanderthals and Homo sapiens.
Scientists also emphasize that at some point in history they had cultural interactions with tribes of different ancestors. According to the analyzed data, the cross between Pleistocene humans and Homo sapiens had already taken place at this point in time.
The discovery allows one to boast of a mix of ethnicities
Due to the analyzed features of the skull bones, the lower jaw and the lower second molar, there was already a mixture between the Neanderthal and the Archaic. Probably the corridor between Eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa was the scene where genetics got mixed up. In any case, the finding indicates that groups of different ethnic groups lived together in this corridor 100 to 200,000 years ago.
They have shared their tools and ways of life for about 100,000 years. It is likely that there was a genetic exchange between the homo of Nesher Ramla, who lived there for 400,000 years, and the homo sapiens, who arrived about 200,000 years ago.
This discovery lays the groundwork for an in-depth study of human evolution. How Homo Sapiens Genetics Infiltrated Early Neanderthals in Europe. The morphological constitution of Homo Nesher Ramla shares its characteristics with Neanderthals (teeth and jaws) and Homo Archaic (skull). The current man looks very different, they didn’t have a chin, the skull is different and the teeth are bigger. However, there is no denying that there is a relationship.