Divert an asteroid It is something that film and fiction has worked on several occasions. However, so far it has not stopped being something that was in the imagination of the human being, but little else, because technology and science is not capable of such a feat … Or is it possible that the time has come to achieve it in a way definitive?
In that is the POT, in the attempt to divert an asteroid for the first time in history. The goal you have decided has the name of Didymoon, is about 150 meters high and is listed as potentially dangerous, that is, one day could threaten life on Earth causing a catastrophe of epic proportions.
However, we should not imagine Bruce Willis and Ben Affleck as mining heroes in an isolated rock in space that comes at high speed against Earth to end everything as we know it. The project is very different and, in fact, there is no guarantee that it will succeed. However, if it works, it could be perfect to have a contingency plan in case of a potentially dangerous situation in the future.
NASA will try to realize the project of diverting an asteroid under the DART Project
This is what NASA's plan is called. Under the nomenclature of DART project, that is, Double Asteroid Redirection Test, with the help of THAT, the European space agency, is going to launch into space a ship that, after impacting with this rock, would divert it from its course so that it never takes a trajectory of collision with the Earth.
This plan was devised in 2015, however, it has not received authorization so far. Thus, since it is known that it can be viable, preparations have begun, which will conclude in October 2022.
This double asteroid is considered as potentially dangerous. In addition, next to Didymoon, already named, it is less than a kilometer a second much larger than about 600 meters high.
So, a ship known as kinetic impactor of about 500 kilos of weight at a speed of about 5 kilometers per second. This object would deflect the asteroid's path just 0.4 mm, enough to leave its dangerous orbit to Earth.
The launch of the impactor will take place between December 2020 and May 2021 and, as we have said, will reach its goal in October 2022.