He is a true survivor. Originally from North America, the coyote reproduces in Central America. You are just one step away from entering Colombia. Its adaptability is amazing. However, this could mean a serious problem in South America. The dangerous expansion of the coyote is triggering the warnings in this region of the world.
Adaptable to the environment
It is omnivorous. He eats almost anything and can run up to 60 kilometers per hour. Its name comes from the Nahuatl word Coyotl. Although they sometimes gather in packs, they are usually lonely. They live an average of about six years. The coyote is extremely versatile. It can inhabit bogs, meadows, savannahs, dry forests, moist forests, coastlines, and even the desert.
Its adaptability is amazing. That is why it has significantly expanded its sales offering. It multiplied in the jungle of the Panamanian Darien (in the far east of the country). Now it is very close to entering Colombia and from there colonizing all of South America. However, this is a serious problem. That’s right, according to environmental journalism blog Mongabay Latam.
The arrival of an invasive species is always a threat to the ecosystem that sustains it. The dangerous expansion of the coyote can endanger small and medium-sized canids. Among them there are different types of foxes and dogs.
Prey like rodents and small herbivores could suffer worrying declines. They would face an unknown enemy for whom they have no prepared strategy for survival.
Why is it expanding so much?
The decrease in cats like puma and jaguar favors their expansion. But that is not the main reason. Again, the greatest responsibility lies with people. The coyote makes use of anthropic activities such as grain and livestock. Its ecological flexibility and behavioral adaptation make it an interesting species from a biological point of view. The disadvantage is that the species’ expansion was caused by human activity. Octavio Monroy is the author of a study that explains the problem and was published in the journal Integrative Zoology.
People who raise small animals like goats, sheep, and chickens have a problem with coyotes. It has also been reported to be able to consume fruits in crops. Paradoxically, deforestation and land use changes have served as a barrier for the coyote.
Anthropic variables are very positively related to the presence of the animal. Some of the most important were human population density and the presence of plants. The model used by the researchers identified that coyotes from southern Costa Rica are advancing along the Pacific coast. They were able to reach the Chocó jungle in Colombia. Then the most likely route would be along the Andes. They would take over the Caribbean region, through the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and on towards the Venezuelan coast.
The coyote is a survivor: it adapts to its surroundings and wants to populate the entire territory. In a certain way it bears a certain resemblance to humans.