After a seven-month journey, the Perseverance rover landed or landed on Mars on January 18, 2021. It took off in the Atlas V rocket on July 30, 2020. Then with “Hello world. My first look at my home forever “NASA announced on their social networks that the landing was successful.
Endurance shares the path of the red planet’s surface with four other similar vehicles. Your mission is to find evidence of past lives. Immediately after landing, he began to work and sent his first photos and a compilation of data.
The Perseverance Rover landed successfully
It rested on the surface of Mars in the Jezero crater at 8:55 p.m. GMT on the above date. It reached the planet’s atmosphere at 19,000 kilometers an hour and in just 7 minutes, and thanks to a supersonic parachute, it managed to land more slowly.
In addition to finding past lives, there are other tasks you need to do:
- Collect rock samples that you will send back to Earth on a future mission.
- Isolate oxygen samples.
- Test if you can fly on Mars, as its atmosphere is 99% less dense than that of Earth.
- Find visible biological evidence of microbes or various fossils.
- Receive messages from NASA scientists containing new instructions. These messages only take eleven minutes to get from Earth to Perseverance.
Another task that the rover must perform is to test various high-tech accessories that are attached to the Perseverance:
- Navigation technology.
- Robotic arm.
- Mini helicopter called Ingenuity. The task of the helicopter drone is to take pictures of the surface of the planet. He already has five missions planned for the next 30 days, which will only be the first of many more if all goes according to plan.
The most important mission is to find samples from the past life
Jezzero Crater is a good place to find evidence of past lives. It has a diameter of 45 kilometers and is located north of the equator of the red planet. Scientists believe that life existed there when the Martian climate was friendlier. There is also clay in the crater and it is evidence that millions of years ago the crater was a lagoon that flows into a large delta.
The Perseverance Rover has reached the first target. He’s got a lot to do. A new mission is planned to be dispatched in the 2030s that can bring back the samples that have been taken.