It was found by anthropologists from the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. It was near the town of Lgóvskoye in Eastern Crimea. It is a skull from the 3rd millennium BC. Chr. And shows traces of a trepanation, which ended unsuccessfully. It was found in the Eastern Crimea. To this day it is one of the largest known from the Bronze Age. The unusual trepanation in the Crimea was the work of a highly developed surgeon.
«Trepanations are known in representatives of the Copper Age and the Bronze Age in the Crimea. More than 15 have been identified. This indicates that there were special traditions associated with the use of this operation in the population of the region. This explains the director of the Laboratory for Contextual Anthropology of the Institute of Archeology, María Dobrovólskaya.
Trepanation is a very old operation. It consists of opening the skull of a sick person to remove a tumor or to reduce intracranial pressure. It had a very high success rate even in ancient times and was very popular.
The unusual trepanation in the Crimea is surprising due to its size and fine workmanship. It is an example of the old master surgeon’s amazing art. With jewelery precision, he scratched off a fairly large area of bone with a stone tool. It left a thinner plate of bone less than a millimeter thick. There is no fatal intrusion into the cranial cavity where there are large blood vessels, anthropologists explain.
The find was made while excavating a hill near the village of Lgóvskoye in Eastern Crimea. The operated skull belonged to a young man between 20 and 29 years of age.
This young man was unlucky. The survival rate after trepanation was very high even in primitive times. But he probably died shortly after the operation. This is evidenced by the lack of signs of healing. Ironically, this usually didn’t happen, as in ancient times most people survived even after a few trepanations, “explained Dobrovólskaya.