L.It is known that European settlers founded the colony of Maryland. Where did they settle when they arrived? One of the locations is already known. It was found by a group of archaeologists: they discovered the remains of Fort St. Mary. They found an old English settlement in the USA. There were also indigenous dwellings there. Although it is not yet clear whether they lived with the Europeans on the site of the fortress.
In the fortress
The archaeologists stated that the location of the fortress was the size of a football field. They estimate that it was built by the 1634 European settlers who founded the colony of Maryland.
“This find will speak of the early days of those who came to Maryland. And there will be important clues about the past of the indigenous peoples who lived in the region. They lived here long before they arrived, ”published the official website of historic St. Mary’s City.
The determination was made at the end of 2019. It should be announced in 2020, but has been postponed due to the pandemic.
It is stated that the archaeologist and geophysicist Tim Horsley was the first to find the traces of St. Mary’s. The survey revealed a serious garrison footprint. They formed a large rectangle with a semicircular bastion in one corner. In addition, evidence of the existence of houses in the fortress was found. Some of them may have belonged to the Indians, according to Horsley.
Field excavations began in 1971, but were not completed for a long time. The researchers hope the find will provide insight into Maryland’s earliest settlers. And also about indigenous peoples.
The first group of settlers consisted of about 200 people. He left England in two ships, the Ark and the Dove. It was November 1633. More than half were Catholics. In March 1634, the first settlement of St. Mary’s was established at the confluence of the Potomac Rivers and Chesapeake Bay. It would be the capital of the new colony, Maryland.
The first English settlement in the United States was Jamestown, founded in 1607 on the James River. In the first 75 years of exploring North America, 13 colonies emerged.
Colonists occupied uninhabited areas or traded land to Indians at very low prices. Those who have found an ancient English settlement in the United States continue to trace these origins.