According to history, there were great empires in the past that inevitably fell for various reasons. Among the ancient empires, the Roman Empire was the most famous as it was the cradle of our civilization. It is also considered to be the root of our language. Its wealth can still be seen in mausoleums, temples and squares in Europe.
There were also other great empires, such as the Egyptian, Persian, Ottoman, Inca or Maya empires. They all peaked for hundreds of years, but also ended. If we read Plato in the Republic, where the basic concepts of democracy are spilled, one of the possible causes is found.
What motivated the extinction of the Empires of Age?
In the beginning democracy of Rome, only those who owned land could vote, and this discriminated against the majority of the population. These inequalities were common to all rich people, whether they had a voting system or not.
The prevailing wrongdoings in those who inhabited the big cities generated discontent, rebellion and hatred in all cases. No empire was fair with the inhabitants of its cities, not even the Incas, Mayas or Aztecs.
Many of the empires were ruled by monarchs or pharaohs who claimed to be descendants of the gods. In other words, those who ruled them were privileged beings who had the right to own land and other temporal goods.
Collapses of the most famous empires
The fall of the Roman Empire is attributed to the German invasion in 476. But it was the deterioration of institutions, the high taxes that the provinces were demanding, and the inequality among their people that were the real cause of their overthrow.
The Persian Empire had no enemies to defeat, its armies were well trained and equipped. Though the Persians believed, Macedonians and Greeks joined forces to defeat them. So they fell before the campaigns of Alexander the great and sealed the end of his empire.
This Greco-Macedonian empire also came to an end, beginning with the death of Alexander the Great and the division of its provinces. 206 BC The Romans sealed the fate of the empire and Greece was annexed to the Roman Empire.
The Mongol Empire based its power on its army and was the second largest in history after the Roman Empire. But the great misdeeds and the length of his campaigns of conquest undermined internal relations. The invention of gunpowder was the final blow to this empire, which was obsolete in the face of new weapons.
Weakened empires were a goal to be conquered
Every empire had its prime and, as history says, a cause for its downfall. But in all cases the inequality among the inhabitants, the privileges of one social class to the detriment of the other, promoted internal disturbances.
The dissatisfaction of the residents over time created bad mood, dissatisfaction and bad intentions. This made empires weak and made them a target for new conquerors to be defeated.